Bismillaah wa -Alhamdulillaah wa Salaatu wa Salaam 'alaa Rasulillaah 'amma ba'd
The Noble Shaykh, Aba al-Hassan 'Ali ibn Mukhtar ar-Ramly (May Allaah Preserve Him) from amongst the scholars of Jordan, and a very strong student of Shaykh Muqbil ibn Hadi al-Wad'ee (rahimahullaah) started a weekly web class with Muwahhideen Publications on the explanation of the book "The Purification of The Aqeedah" by Imaam Muhammad ibn Ismaeel al-Sana'nee (rahimahullaah).
These weekly classes are translated LIVE into English.
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Commencing the class, Shaykh ‘Ali ar-Ramli (hafidhahullaah) spoke about the reason for Allaah sending us Prophets and Messengers and touched on the origin of shirk amongst mankind.
He then went on to give a brief biography of Imaam As-Sana’anee (rahimahullaah) and the reason why the author took it upon himself to write this book and clarify the misguidance of the people in his time.
Other points of benefit included mention of the condition of the disbelievers of Quraysh, an explanation of the title of the book, some discussion about the state of the people in the time of Imaam as-Sana’anee and much more benefit concerning the correct belief of the muslim.
The Shaykh completed the introduction of the book in this first sitting and all are encouraged to attend these vital lessons that are packed with immense benefit about the most important matter in the life of a Muslim: the establishment of Tawheed and safeguarding oneself from shirk.
Continuing with our study of the book ‘The Purification of the ‘Aqeedah’, Shaykh ar-Ramli (hafidhahullaah)explained in great detail three of the five fundamentals as articulated by the author.
Imaam as-Sana’anee (rahimahullaah) laid down five fundamentals which he then broke down into chapters.
The three fundamentals discussed are as follows:
Firstly: It has been known from the necessity of belief in the religion of Allaah that all of the Quraan is truth and not falsehood, all of it is guidance and not misguidance and all of it is certainty that has no doubt whatsoever. This is a foundation that the belief of anyone cannot be perfected and affirmed without.
Secondly: All of the prophets and messengers of Allaah from the first to the last of them were sent to call all of the creation to worship Allaah alone without associating any partners with Him.
Thirdly:Tawheed is divided into two categories. The first, Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah (Tawheed al-Asmaa was-Sifaat included in this category) and the second, Tawheed al-Uloohiyyaah.
In the third class, our Shaykh ‘Ali ar-Ramli (hafidhahullaah) began by doing a recap of the principles we studied thus far. Then, he went on to explain the remaining two principles of the five.
The Fourth Principle: All of the polytheists affirm and confirm that Allaah is the Lord (The Creator, The Sustainer and the Disposer of all Affairs) so Allaah sent the Messengers and Prophets to call the people to the Monotheism of Worship (Tawheed al-‘Uloohiyyah).
The Fifth Principle: ‘Ibaadah (worship) is the utmost of humiliation and humbling oneself to Allaah and worship is not meant but to humiliate oneself to Allaah. And this humiliation is only for Him and can never be for other than Him.
The Shaykh explained both principles in great detail, quoting the many evidences concerning both matters. He then went on to enlighten us with some benefits regarding the statement of Tawheed:‘Laa ilaaha il Allaah’.
This concluded the five principles as mentioned by the author (Imaam as-Sana’anee) and is the foundation upon which the rest of the book is built upon.
In this session, Shaykh ‘Ali ar-Ramli (hafidhahullaah) went in to great detail concerning the Monotheism of Worship (Tawheed al-‘Ibaadah) and what it necessitates.
He explained that it is the belief of Ahlus Sunnah that kufr (disbelief) is divided into different categories which he mentioned and gave examples, as opposed to the deviant sect, the Murji’ah who say kufr is only of one kind.
Shaykh Ramli went on to discuss and explain the speech of the author concerning the reality that even if a person affirms the Ruboobiyyah (Lordship) of Allaah and worships Him but does not single Him out in this worship then this is of no benefit to him and he is a mushrik (polytheist), kaafir (disbeliever).
A noteworthy point, as mentioned by the Shaykh, is that it is from the condition of sidq (truthfulness) in eemaan that an individual does not depend on other than Allaah and it is a must that we single Him out alone in our dependence just as we single Him out in other acts of ‘ibaadah. Allaah commanded His slaves to say ‘You alone we worship’ so no one truthfully believes in this statement until he singles out Allaah in all acts of worship, otherwise he is a liar and is forbidden from saying this statement because it means to specify all acts of worship for Allaah alone.
This class was extremely beneficial in highlighting the crucial matter of actualizing Tawheed al-‘Ibaadah with the Shaykh bringing forth the necessary evidences from the Qur’aan and Sunnah with much clarity.
In this sitting, the Shaykh (hafidhahullaah) started a new chapter in which a number of matters were discussed. From them are:
- The affirmation of the polytheists with regard to Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah is of no benefit to them due to them associating partners with Allaah in worship. Their actions negate their belief in His Lordship and they are counted from the mushrikoon.
- It is only logical that the one who admits to the oneness of Allaah’s Lordship also dedicate all acts of worship to Him alone because what is the purpose of worshipping other than Allaah if everything is under His control and command (He is the Sole Creator, Sustainer etc). The one who does not dedicate all acts of worship to Allaah alone does not truly believe in His Lordship although he would attest to this.
- Riyaa (showing off) is not only referred to as an act of shirk but it is also deemed worship since this refers to the slave doing an action seeking status/position in the hearts of the people while simultaneously seeking Allaah in that act of worship.
- Whoever believes that a created being can benefit or harm, bring one closer to Allaah, intercede with Allaah on his behalf or fulfill his needs does not uphold Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah because he has ascribed attributes that belong to Allaah alone to other than Him.
- The matter of an-nadr (vowing) which is to dedicate something to the object of worship seeking reward and fulfillment of a need as a result of this dedication. And this is only to be performed for Allaah alone as an-nadr is an act of ‘ibaadah so to perform it for other than Him constitutes shirk in worship.
- This is still present today with the qubooriyoon (grave-worshippers) who use different names for their actions. Regardless of the names, the meaning is the same.
Continuing with our study of the book ‘The Purification of the ‘Aqeedah’ by Imaam as-Sana’anee (rahimahullaah), Shaykh ‘Ali ar-Ramli (hafiidhahullaah) went on to explain some matters concerning the grave worshippers and that which constitutes shirk.
From the points discussed:
- Whoever believes that a rock, tree, grave, the living or dead can bring about harm or benefit or grant that which is only in the Hands of Allaah or can bring you closer to Allaah has committed shirk.
- Those who worship the graves treat the graves of those they claim to be awliyaa the same way the mushrikeen (idol worshippers) treated their idols. They call upon them as the Muslimeen call upon Allaah.
- By worshipping the graves and calling upon the deceased they have gone back to the exact same concept that was found in the worship of Wad, Suwa, Yaguth, Ya’uq and Nasr by the people of Nuh.
- Some have the belief that men from amongst the living who are fussaaq (apparent, public sinners) have powers and can be called upon while these men are themselves immersed and completely drowning in sin, transgression, lusts and every kind of despicable thing Allaah has made haraam (forbidden).
- Along with all of this, this person will be found to make a claim of ‘ilm ul ghayb (knowledge of the unseen)nand this is in direct contradiction to the Qur’aan thus rendering him a kaafir (disbeliever). However Iblees will bring to him people who will believe in his lies, accompany him and glorify and magnify him until they raise him to the level of Rabb-ul-‘Aalameen (The Lord of all creation).
- Those who believe in the “awliyaa” and the open sinners have become mushrikeen (polytheists), just as the idol worshippers. There is similarity in their description and actions. According to the author, the ruling regarding them (the grave worshippers and idol worshippers) is exactly the same because they have directed worship which should be to Allaah alone to other than Him.